Christ Crucified: Understanding the Atonement
“This powerful book on the atonement is deeply informed by classic theological categories, but it lets biblical exposition take the lead. Macleod focuses on Scripture's presentation of the death of Christ, and shows his readersI nearly said audience, because this is the best sort of preachingthe full sense and significance of Christ crucified..”See All
Professor of Theology, Torrey Honors Institute, Biola University
“Donald Macleod has written a welcome and convincing apologetic of the cross of Christ. He skillfully blends biblical exegesis and engagement with systematic theologians to produce a robust defense of the classic evangelical view of penal substitution which anticipates objections, places it in a wide framework and implicitly rebukes sloppy thinking. His clear style makes this book not only a 'must-read' on this topic but a joy to read and an educative treat..”See All
Visiting Scholar, Spurgeon's College, London; author, The Message of the Cross
“Donald Macleod's work is always stimulating, sometimes provocative and never less than excellent. This is a contribution to thought on the atonement that is both timely and incisive. It should be required reading for students, theologians, ministers and anyone interested in learning more about the stupendous atoning work of Christ..”See All
Director of Research and Senior Lecturer in Systematic and Historical Theology, Wales Evangelical School of Theology, Bridgend; author, The Work of Christ
How could the life, let alone the death, of one man 2,000 years ago be the salvation of the human race? The biblical explanation is the atonement: the crucified one was the Son of God, acting and suffering in cooperation with God the Father and God the Holy Spirit.
The crucifixion of Jesus Christ is presented in all four Gospels, and occupies considerable space in the overall narrative. The death of this one person has universal, inclusive and cosmic significance, because in him the Creator acts and suffers. This is the primary answer to “the scandal of particularity.” There is also a special relationship between Christ and humanity—he was “with” us, and he was “for” us. The grandeur of the cross lies in the fact that the incarnate Son of God offered himself in our place, bearing the penalty for our sin.
Donald Macleod considers seven key words Christians have used through the centuries to describe what happened on the cross: substitution, expiation, propitiation, reconciliation, satisfaction, redemption and victory. No single one of these tells the whole truth, nor do all of them together exhaust the meaning of the cross. Macleod shows that these concepts are interrelated and interdependent, and that together they give a coherent picture of the salvation wrought by Jesus at Calvary.